The Naturalists

 

There have been very few resident naturalists in counties Sligo and Leitrim.  There are even fewer who have been serious enough to publish the results of their observations.  As a consequence of this, most of the information published about the Sligo-Leitrim region was gathered during short visits by individuals or during field club excursions by people from other places.


Anon (1860a and 1860b) listed the following Sligo people when they were elected to membership of the Natural History Society of Dublin :


O’Hara, Major, C.K., Annaghmore, Collooney.  Elected annual member no. 64 in 1852.

Wynne, Right Hon. John, M.P., M.R.I.A., Hazlewood, Sligo.  Elected annual member no. 71.

Robert Warren, Esq., Ballina.  Elected corresponding member at a meeting on 06 May 1859.



The most important natural history event ever to take place in the Sligo was the Irish Field Club Union Conference that took place in 1904.  An issue of The Irish Naturalist (Volume 13 September, 1904) was given over to publishing the results and a bound version was published as a separate book (see photographs below).  At the end of these publications there is a list of those who attended (Anon 1904).
























Webb (1986) summarised the milestones in botanical recording in Ireland during the 50 year period from 1866 to 1916 that included several mentions of Sligo and Leitrim :


Prior to 1866 “nothing substantive happened” and he considered this the preliminary phase of botanical recording.

Saxifraga nivalis and Arenaria ciliata already discovered

1836  Flora Hibernica by Mackay

1864  Flora of Ulster by Dickie

1866  Cybele Hibernica (1st ed.) Moore & More consolidated results of preliminary phase of botanical recording

1884  Carex aquatilis New Irish Record from near Lough Allen S.A. Stewart

1884  Epilobium alsinifolium NewIR from Glenade Barrington & Vowell

1884  Heights of plants on Ben Bulben Corry

1885  Ben Bulben range Barrington & Vowell

1885  Lough Allen  S.A. Stewart

1888  Flora of n-e of Ireland Stewart and Corry

1896  Ox Mountains Colgan

1898  Cybele Hibernica (2nd edition)  Colgan & Scully

1901  Irish Topographical Botany  Praeger

1906  Supplement to ITB  Praeger

1909  A Tourists Flora of the West of Ireland  Praeger

1934  The Botanist in Ireland  Praeger (incorporated most info in the Tourists Flora of W of Ireland 1909)



A publication listing ‘non-serial’ botanical works for Ireland (Mitchell 2000) contains 17 references to publications of relevance to Sligo and Leitrim.



Sligo has produced several great scientists in the disciplines of physics and chemistry, but has never had an outstanding biologist.  Bryan Higgins (1741-1820) was born in Collooney and was a chemist; William Higgins (1763-1825) was nephew to the aforementioned and was also a chemist; Sir George Gabriel Stokes (1819-1903) was born in Skreen, left Sligo at the age of 13 and was a famous physicist who is remembered for Stokes Law and the Campbell-Stokes sunshine recorder and was president of the Royal Society of London from 1885-1890; and Dr Charles Alexander MacMunn (1852-1911) was born in Easky and contributed to medical science with his research on the spectroscope.  These four scientists all did their important work in Great Britain after they had left their native land.





Chronology


This is a list of people, organisations and important publications relevant to the natural history of Counties Sligo and Leitrim.  By organising this list in an approximate chronological order it is possible to see how the history of our knowledge of the counties evolved.


Annals of Loch Cé

Cover the period in Irish history from 1014-1590.  Mention of a whale stranding near Drumcliff.



The Annals of Connacht

1224 - 1544



Richard BARTLETT

In 1602 he drew a ‘Coastal Map of Donegal Bay’ on which it was written “The High hills of Ben Bulbin : where yearly limberith a falcon esteemed the hardiest in Ireland".  This must refer to the Peregrine Falcon, a species that still breeds at the same place.



Annals of the Four Masters

The four masters were Brother Mícheál Ó Cléirigh, Cú Choigcríche Ó Cléirigh, Fearfeasa Ó Maol Chonaire and Peregrine Ó Duibhgeannain who carried out their project at a Franciscan Friary along the border of County Leitrim with County Donegal, where the Drowes River flows from Lough Melvin to Tullaghan.  Fearghal Ó Gadhra of Coolavin, County Sligo sponsored the work that was written in Irish and completed in 1636.  The work was translated into English by John O’Donovan in 1864 in a work of 7 volumes.


This manuscript is a compilation of earlier ancient annals with some original observations.  It is mainly a history of Ireland prior to 1616 with an emphasis on the ecclesiastical aspects.  There are some observations of landscape and wildlife for example the stranding of whales along the coast.



John RAY

(1690 2nd edition; 1724 3rd edition)



Edward Lhwyd

Letter written 1699 but published 1710

Letter written 1700 but published 1712



Canon Andrew DONLEVY (1680-1746)

Canon Donlevy (also spelled Dunlevy and Dunleavy) was born in Ballymote, Co. Sligo in 1680 and died in Paris in 1746.  He spent his adult life in Paris where he was awarded Doctor of Law (LL.D.) and became head of the ‘Irish College’ in that city.  In 1742 he published a bilingual book of 500 pages on Christian doctrine in which the Irish alphabet was taught using a list of 18 trees and shrubs each being associated with one of the letters viz.



At the Institute of Technology in Sligo a footpath and tree trail was established in 2000 to illustrate the Irish alphabet using Canon Donlevy's list and an illustrated leaflet was produced to interpret the walk (Anon 2001).



Thady (Tadgh) RODY

Two letters were sent to William Molyneux Ormond’s Gate, Dublin, one dated 24 April 1683 and of unknown authorship (Anon 1683) and the second 1684 from Thady Rody (Rody 1684).  They concerned a summary of aspects of County Leitrim that was sought by Molyneux for Moses Pitt’s ‘Atlas’; a project that was never completed.


The first letter of 1,156 words begins with a description of the principal towns that are listed in order of importance as Jamestown (the county town), Manorhamilton, Carrickdrumrusk (Carrick-on-Shannon), Dromaheir, Castlefour and Leitrim.  Of natural history interest this first letter mentions Salmon ascending to above Lough Allen; Pike Salmon and Roach in Lough Allen; Salmon in Lough Melvin.  Some general comments about County Leitrim mention iron mines and “vast woods” well stored with excellent Goshawks; many herds of Red Deer; Wolves that were very numerous but are now very few; and several eyries of eagles, as also of Ospreys.


The second letter is much longer with 2,430 words and it says much the same with a little more detail but the observations of all but the fish life are omitted.



Rev William HENRY

Henry (1739) Hints towards a Natural and Typographical History of the Counties Sligoe, Donegal, Fermanagh and Lough Erne.



Joshua COOPER

Initiated the construction of fish passes on the Ballysadare River.



James Townsend MACKAY

1775(?)-1862














Came from Scotland to Trinity College Dublin where he was appointed Assistant Botanist in 1804-1805.  He began to accumulate records of the plants found in Ireland and published ‘A Systematic Catalogue of Rare Plants found in Ireland’ (Mackay 1806) in which he included Fringed Sandwort from the Dartry Mountains; Green Spleenwort, Alpine Meadow-grass, Yellow Saxifrage, Moss Campion and Hoary Whitlowgrass all from Benbulbin; and Frosted Orache from Sligo Harbour.  There is no mention of County Leitrim in this work.  In 1806 the college acquired land in Ballsbridge to establish a botanical garden and Mackay was appointed Curator.


His interest in the flora of Ireland continued with the publication of a piece of work that appeared both in book form and as a publication in a journal (Mackay 1825 a & b) as was pointed out by Mitchell (2000).  It was in 1836 that his major contribution to Irish botany was made with the publication of his ‘Flora Hibernica’.  Mackay published records of the rare vascular plants found in Sligo, many of which had not previously been published, and which I have abstracted and now quote :


Asplenium viride.  Green Spleen-wort.  Moist rocks on mountain cliffs.  Ben Bulben, County of Sligo.

Asplenium lonchitis.  Alpine Shield-fern (=Polystichum lonchitis Holly Fern)  Shady clefts of limestone rocks on Ben Bulben and other mountains  in the County of Sligo in 1833, where it had previously been observed by Mr. E. Murphy.

Thalictrum alpinum.  Meadow-Rue (=Alpine Meadow-rue)  Moist limestone rocks on Ben Bulben, County of Sligo, where it had been previously found by Mr. Edward Murphy. [Although it says Ben Bulben this is an example of the term being used to describe the whole Dartry Mountain range rather than Benbulbin sensu stricto]

Atriplex laciniata.  Frosted Sea Orache (=Frosted Orache)  Sea-coast, principally in small islands.  Plentiful on the western coast, particularly in a small island opposite to Cummin, near Sligo (presumably Coney Island).

Arenaria ciliata.  Fringed Sandwort.  Limestone cliffs on Sea-Fin, and Ben Bulben, County of Sligo.

Sagina maritima.  Sea Pearl-wort.  Sea coast, not unfrequent.  On rocks on the shore below Sligo, very abundant.

Silene maritima.  Sea Campion (=Silene uniflora)  Frequent upon the sea-shore and on mountain cliffs on Ben Bulben and other mountains in the County of Sligo.

Silene acaulis.  Moss Campion.  Plentiful on the limestone cliffs of Ben Bulben and other mountains in the County of Sligo.

Oxyria reniformis.  Kidney-shaped Mountain-Sorrel (=Oxyria digyna Mountain Sorrel).  Moist alpine rocks. On Ben Bulben, county of Sligo.

Draba incana.  Twisted-podded Whitlow-grass (=Hoary Whitlowgrass).  Mountain rocks.  Ben Bulben and other mountains in the County of Sligo.

Saxifraga aizoides.  Yellow Mountain Saxifrage (=Yellow Saxifrage).  Cliffs on Ben Bulben, County of Sligo.

Saxifraga hypnoides.  Mossy Saxifrage. Abundant on all the limestone mountains in the County of Sligo.  When I first observed this plant, on a hill near Sligo, nearly thirty years ago, in the autumn, I found late single-flowered specimens exactly corresponding with the fig. in E. Bot. of S. elongella ; but plants brought from thence produced in the following year, and ever since, from three to five flowers on each stem.

Alchemilla alpina.  Alpine Lady's Mantle.  Mountain cliffs. On Ben Bulben, County of Sligo.

Galeopsis versicolor.  Large-flowered Hemp-nettle (=Galeopsis speciosa).  Corn-fields, &c. Potato fields near Sligo.

Poa alpina.  Alpine Meadow-grass.  Ben-Bulben, County of Sligo.

Sesleria caerulea.  Blue Moor-grass.  Limestone rocks on Ben Bulben and other mountains in the County of Sligo.

Elymus arenarius.  Upright Sea Lyme-grass (=Lyme-grass).  Sandy sea-shores.  Coast between Ballyshannon and Sligo.

He also found E. rhaptocarpa (=Encalypta rhaptocarpa Ribbed Extinguisher-moss) on Ben Bulben, near Sligo,  which was published in the Flora Hibernica in the mosses section by Dr Thomas Taylor.


Resulting from this major publication and other contributions to the flora of Ireland he was awarded the degree of LL.D. by University of Dublin in 1850.  He was also accepted as an Associate of the Linnean Society.  Supplementary notes to the Flora Hibernica were published in 1859 and 1860.


In recent years John Parnell and Professor Webb (1991) wrote about his herbarium (collection of preserved plants) in which records of Saxifraga nivalis and Saussurea alpina from Ben Bulben were found in in the herbarium and are discussed.




The Hon. Edward Joshua COOPER

1798-1863

Son of Edward Synge Cooper.  Educated at Endowed School, Armagh where he visited the Armagh Observatory; Eton College and Christchuch, Oxford.  Returned to family seat at Markree Castle near Collooney in 1830 on the death of his father.  His uncle, Joshua Cooper ran the estate until his death in 1837 then Edward J. Cooper inherited the estate of 12,140 ha (30,000 acres).  In 1834 he built an astronomical observatory behind the castle that was one of the best equiped in Europe in its day and was fitted and furnished regardless of expense.  The achromatic telescope was regarded as the finest in the world in its day.  He employed a professional astronomer.  Now only the building remains and some of the instruments are museum pieces in Hong Kong and Manilla.  As an ancillary interest he kept climatological records which from 1824 to 1832 were irregularly recorded, but from 1833 onwards were taken every day and the tradition has continued to the present time making these data the third longest run available in Ireland.


First asteroid (9 Metis) discovered from Ireland was in 1848 by Andrew Graham (1815-1908) working at the Markree Castle Observatory.  Only one other asteroid has been discovered from Ireland since then (2008 TM9 by Dave McDonald of Galway).


Completed the fish passes his uncle started to construct and as a parliamentarian was able to arrange for special legislation to be enacted in Westminster in June 1837 "An act to enable Edward Joshua Cooper to establish and protect a salmon fishery upon the lakes of the Owenmore and Arrow, and, also, within the Bay of Ballisodare, in the County of Sligo, Ireland".  The first pass was completed at the lower falls below Ballysadare in 1852; the second pass was completed in 1853 at Collooney and in 1855 the third phase dealt with the upper falls of the river system.  For the first time this allowed salmon full access to the river system.


(Sources McTernan 1977 pp.270-274 and ??Met service anniversary report)



Right Honourable John WYNNE

1801-1865

Collected some meteorological data which is now in Sligo County Library.

Archer (1871) gave the following oral obituary to the Natural History Society of Dublin on 3 November 1865. “Among the losses we have sustained of ordinary members during the past year, one was by death; we have much to lament that of the Right Hon. John Wynne, of Hazlewood, Sligo. He was for many years a zealous member of this Society, and was distinguished by the ardour with which he was interested in all botanical pursuits, especially when directed to practical utility in the improvement of the country.  The beautiful grounds around Hazlewood are instances of his taste and judgment; and by the reclamation of swampy and unproductive peaty wilds, they now exhibit belts of fine pines, and beautiful vistas, where rhododendrons, azaleas, mahonias, kalmias, and the beautiful varieties of brier extensively flourish. The woods around Lough Gill exemplify his taste; while the once barren wilds of Glen Car have been converted into fine plantations, showing the fine growth of the black Austrian pine, the larch, Scotch fir, and elms and oaks, exposed to the full force of the north-west gales. Those who have been at Hazlewood must have admired the lofty and stately growth of the magnificent silver firs in the demesne. The rockery at Hazlewood proves the mild atmosphere of the west coast, where the West Indian Pteris longifolia, as well as Tricomanes radicans, Adiantum capillus-veneris, and Woodwardia radicans, unprotected, grow luxuriantly throughout the year.  Mr. Wynne was a Privy Councillor, Ireland, and was Under-Secretary during the Viceroyalty of the Earl of Eglinton, in 1852. He was many years Member for Sligo; and was associated with the Earl of Devon and George Alexander Hamilton, Esq., on the Commission of Inquiry into the Law and Practice of the Occupation of Land in Ireland. His death was unexpectedly sudden, at the palace of the Bishop of Tuam, in the month of July last, when on his route to enjoy the happiness of his favourite pursuits ; and where, in the exploration of the Dingle peninsula, and the unfrequented mountain and lake districts of Kerry, he was to have been joined by his friend, Mr. Andrews. Thus has passed away to eternal happiness a truly good man.”



George PETRIE

In 1837 Petrie had a walking tour in County Sligo during which he visited sites of antiquity and made many sketches and written descriptions in his note book.  This is still in existence in the Royal Irish Academy and numbers 79 pages (RIA 23/L/44).  Parts of the note-book also cover Lough Key (Co. Roscommon) and parts of Leitrim that adjoin Sligo near Lough Gill and Glencar.



William Francis de Vismes KANE

Born in Devon in 1840; died April 1918 at 78 years old.

His father was from Dublin and so he attended TCD.  After graduating he lived in the house of his uncle John Kane in Co. Leitrim but married and settled in Monaghan.  He travelled widely but his interest in Lepidoptera and later on in marine copepods led to important publications.  He was elected president of Dublin Naturalists' Field Club in 1901.  Of particular relevance to Leitrim are his publications that discuss crannoges in Leitrim, the Black Pig's Dyke and the Dun of Drumsna. (Obituary : Carpenter 1918)



Thomas Hughes CORRY

1859 or 1860.

T.H. Corry, born at Belfast in 1860, was drowned in Lough Gill, Co. Sligo, 4th August, 1883, while exploring for a botanical report etc. (? February 1913)

Thomas Hughes Corry was a brilliant young botanist ... etc (1859-1883) i.e. died at 23 years (Hackney 1972)

Barrington apparently went to Sligo to identify the bodies of Corry and Dickson after they drowned in Lough Gill (this is mentioned in two different notes according to Donal Synnott).



DICKSON

Drowned in Lough Gill.  Mentioned in Hackney (1972)



Arthur B.E. HILLAS

Born in Sligo in 1876; died in Great War in April 1917.

Studied eel and salmon life-history and migration for the Irish Fisheries Office.  (Obituary : Anon 1918).



Col. William G. WOOD-MARTIN

1847-1917

Wrote "History of Sligo, County and Town".



R.M. BARRINGTON


 

Ven Hamilton TOWNSEND

Of Collooney was a member of Natural History Society of Dublin from 1851-??



Natural History Museum, Dublin

1786-1857.

Under the Directorship of Dr. Carte, the museum entered a period of expansion with the aquisition of important material from local and world sources.  Geological and Zoological specimens and collections were acquired  from naturalists of renown such as .... Robert Warren.


1857-1877

Throughout the 1860’s many interesting and valuable collections were donated by such well known naturalists as  ... Robert Warren ...


Cave exploration ... from caves in Counties Sligo ...  caves of Kesh Co. Sligo were explored from 1929-1932.




Rev. Richard Arthur McCLEAN

Alias - Rev. R.A. McClean; Canon R. McClean; Rev. R. M'Clean; even R.F. Clellon (presumably due to bad hand writing being incorrectly transcribed).

Born 25 November 1860 in Tralee, Co. Kerry; graduated with a B.A. in Arts from Trinity College Dublin; was curate in St. John’s, Sligo between 1892-1895; went to New South Wales, Australia in 1895; returned to Ireland shortly later was decorated as a war hero; lived in Limerick for a while; died 1948.

When in Sligo lived at Castle Street in Sligo town.  Apparently there are two pictures of him in church in Sligo.


76 records on my database for McClean.  73 are for Lepidoptera including the Mountain ringlet record from Killerry Mountain (=Slish Wood = Rock Wood!) and wood white etc.; 3 are for birds i.e. sandwich tern at Ballysadare and little auk.

27 December 1893 - Little auk picked up dead

early April 1894 - sandwich tern in Ballysadare Bay

10 July 1894 - sandwich tern off Ardboline Island when he was in company of Robert Warren (of Ussher & Warren Birds of Ireland)

summer 1894 - mountain ringlet.



Preached in St Michaels Church, Limerick on 28 July 1901 (Limerick Chronicle for Sat 27 July 1901).


Limerick City Museum have a photograph album containing a ‘pastoral scene with cows’ taken by Canon McLean.


cf Irish Naturalist 3:68 (1894)



Cuthbert HARRISON

Lived at Ballincar, Sligo (mentioned in Ir Nat 1905) published a short note on ferns and took photographs around the county of Sligo.



Geoffrey PHIBBS

Geoffrey Phibbs (1901-1956) is primarily remembered as a poet but his diverse interests included archaeology, horticulture, botany and zoology.  He was brought up at Lisheen on Ballysadare Bay and at the family hunting lodge at Carradoo on the shores of Lough Arrow.  He also lived in Dundrum, Co.Dublin.  His archaeological activities included work at Carrowkeel, caves of Kesh, Carrowmore and Deerpark.  He published “The Victorian Flower Garden” in 1952, “Insect Life in Britain” and “Some British Beetles”.



Dr R.F. SCHARFF

Was appointed Assistant Naturalist in the Natural History Museum in March 1887 and was promoted to Curator in December of the same year.  He investigated the Caves of Kesh in 1901 and made further studies of the same in 1929-1932.  He also collected a land planarian from near Ballymote that was named after him (Microplana scharffi).



Surgeon Major T. H. PARKE

Statue outside of Natural History Museum in Dublin.

Was born in Sligo.  (grave of Edward Arthur Parke d.11/9/1945 in graveyard just north of Grange)



W. J. HANCOCK

Mrs W.J. Hancock collected molluscs along western shore of Ballysadare Bay (according to Chesney 1995).



Lily E. CROFTON

Miss Lily Crofton lived in the Rectory at Beltra according to Mrs Crichton.  Discovered Killarney fern at Lough Achree (Praeger 1929)(and brimstone butterfly at Ballysadare??).  Sir Malby Crofton m. Sally (still alive and at Longford House in 2002) son Andrew Crofton.



J. GREER

Wrote the Windings of the Moy (1924).  I think his grave is at Killanly.



Thomas GREER J.P.

1874-1949.  Butterflies and moths.  Did some collecting in Sligo and Leitrim (Obituary by Beirne 1949).



William Ruttledge MEGAW

1885-1953

Obituary Chase (1954).



Professor D.A. WEBB



SLIGO FIELD CLUB

Founded 1945.



R. J. KIRWAN (or Kirwin?)

When Belfast Naturalists’ Field Club visited Sligo from 2-4 September 1949 they acknowledged the help of Sligo Field Club members Mr P.J. Tohall and the late Mr R.J. Kirwin (written in Jan 1950)(Adams & Carrothers 1950).


Robert J. Kirwan, an amateur geologists, guided a visit by A.S. Minton, R. Cox and F.G. Marsman (see MS in file) to asbestos vein in October 1947.



Lt. Col. SCROOPE

Donated birds to the NMI in the 1970's



SLIGO MUSEUM



LISSADELL HOUSE

Collection of stuffed birds.



H.J. HUDSON

1909-1996

1962.  A fine-leaved form of Cow parsley Anthriscus sylvatica (as described by Druce in the Comital Flora) was collected from here by Howard Hudson, grown on, and a specimen was deposited in the DBN.

Obituary Moriarty and Nash (1987)


Mrs Joan CRICHTON


Noel MURPHY


Mary CRICHTON (WILLIS)


Roger GOODWILLIE


Noel RAFTERY

Born in Finisklin, Sligo.  Qualified as a chemical engineer.  Began to lecture at the Regional Technical College in Sligo in 1981.  Developed an interest in birds in late 1970's and became a close friend of Don Cotton when he arrived in Sligo in 1981.


Don COTTON

Born 19 November 1950 in England.  Came to Ireland in 1977 and moved to Sligo in 1981 to lecture in ecology at the Regional Technical College later renamed the Institute of Technology, Sligo.  Immediately set out to document flora and fauna of Sligo and later extended interest to Leitrim.  Co-founded Sligo Branch of Irish Wildbird Conservancy with Noel Murphy.


Martin ENRIGHT

Kerry.  National teacher.  Archaeologist, bird watcher, Irish language, music and dancing.


Martin CAWLEY


Séamus FEENEY


Mícheál CASEY


Jean DUNLEAVY


John MATTHEWS


Tim RICH


Patrick BYRNE

1959-1987

Drowned in Lough Allen

Obituary Costello 1987


THE GEOGRAPHICAL SOCIETY (OF BRITAIN)

Visited Sligo in 1961 and stayed at O'Connor's Island (c/o Frank O'Connor).  They surveyed insects as well as other things during their visit and there may be a record in the Field Club files.


IWC / BIRDWATCH IRELAND


IRISH BIOGEOGRAPHICAL SOCIETY

June 1983 to Bunduff, Glenade, Hazelwood, The Glen, Union Wood and Toberscanavan Lough.

July 1989 to Doonweelin Lough and the Lower Rosses.

November 1994 to Killegar Estate.


FERN SOCIETY

July 1984 to The Glen, Dooney Rock and Glenade.


LICHEN SOCIETY

With Profs. Richardson and Seaward.  Templehouse, Union Wood


BOTANICAL SOCIETY OF THE BRITISH ISLES

July 1989 to Gleniff.

May 1994 to Lough Anelteen, Newtown Alt and Bunduff.

June 1997 to Lough Scannal, Lough Boderg, Gubagraffy bog and Cloonboniagh Lough.

August 1998 to Roosky, Acres Lake, Derryhallagh Lough, Drumlonan Lough, Lough Scur and Corduff lough.

June 2001 to Cullentra Wood, O'Rourke's Table, Bricklieves and Unshin River.


BELFAST NATURALISTS' FIELD CLUB

July 1893 to Ben Bulben, Glencar, Tullaghan, Dromahair, Bonet River, Lough Gill and Garavogue River.


DUBLIN NATURALISTS' FIELD CLUB

May 1939 to Lough Gill at Sriff, Slish Wood and Dooney Rock.

Whit weekend 1993 to Streedagh and Bricklieves (see Nash 1994)


FIELD CLUB CONFERENCES

1904

August 2000 to Inishmurray, Knocknarea, Strandhill and Swiss Valley, Glencar.

Amy WARREN (Miss Amelia Elizabeth Mary Warren)

Born 1839; died 26 January 1931 aged 92 (source Anne Warren of Australia).

Younger sister to Robert Warren.  Lived at Moyview, Moy Estuary near Ballina.  Apparently never married but lived with older brother.  Wrote two notes on snails.  Donated a collection of Irish land and freshwater molluscs to the Natural History Museum, Dublin in June 1893.  Amy Warren wrote 'my cousin was Mr Taylor from Cliftonville, nr. Belfast, aunt (his mother) received plants from Castlewarren in Cork'.  Taylor had some expertise in snail identification.


“She studied Mollusca and published several important papers with distributional lists including rarities from 1892-1896, mainly Killala Bay and Bundoran. Her collection was left to a friend who presented it to the NMI, although much information associated with the material has been lost.” (Nunn & Holmes 2005).  A note on Amy Warren’s life appears in Cotton (2015).

Rev. W.F. JOHNSONCollected specimens in Sligo and at Coolmore (c.7 km n-w of Ballyshannon)



Percy RUSS

Born around 1817.

Was an English entomologist who lived in a house named “Culleenamore” near Strandhill, County Sligo from 1881 probably to the summer of 1893 when he would have been 76.  He ran the oyster beds in Sligo Bay during this period.  After living at Culleenamore there is evidence that he may have lived at Ballincar near Rosses Point.  He amassed what was probably one of the best collections of Irish Lepidoptera ever made which was purchased by the National Museum in 1895 and 1896.  Beirne (1944) wrote a note about him that mentions some of the rare larger species found by Russ in County Sligo, namely, Hippotion celerio, Coenobia rufa, Eurois occulta, Rhyacia simulans, Perizoma taeniata and Eupithecia tripunctaria.  It also lists Russ’ 17 publications.  I could find no burial record for him in St Anne’s Church of Ireland Parish



Richard John USSHER

Born 1841, Died 1913

Ornithologist and main author of Ussher & Warren (1900) Birds of Ireland.

Also a speleologist (caver) and interested in antiquities.

Elected a member of the Royal Irish Academy in 1906.



Rev. James GREER

Born at Scurmore, Inishcrone in January 1845 and died in September 1929 aged 84 and is burried in Killanly Parish Church near to the Warren grave.

Wrote "The Windings of the Moy" (1924).



Robert John WELCH

Died 1936.

Photographer of natural environment and conchologist.  Left his collection of photographs to Ulster Museum which were catalogued (Hackney, James & Ross 1983).  This collection includes geological photographs of Carboniferous rocks at Caves of Kesh (one with R.Ll. Praeger in a cave entrance) in 1903, cliffs and wave-cut platform at Aughris Head July 1892, Swiss Valley, Glencar 1904; glacial deposits at Rosses Point July 1931, Strandhill July 1931; features of coastal erosion at Rosses Point 28 March 1928, Coney Island 29 March 1928 and Strandhill; and an extensive peat bog near Grange with Ben Bulben in background.  Botanical photographs were taken at Knocknarea, The Glen, Swiss Valley and Keshcorran.  Zoological photographs are of the molluscs Arianta arbustorum at Gleniff, variation in Cepaea nemoralis from Strandhill, Mytilus edulis on Inishmurray and Balea perversa and Pyramidula rupestris together on a wall at Dromahair (Hackney, James & Ross 1983).  (Obituary by Stelfox 1936 and Hogg 1936).



Robert Lloyd PRAEGER

Visited Inishmurray in 1896

Lough Gill - Arbutus etc.

Itinieries 1897-1900 plus maps

Excavated Carrowkeel

References


Anon (1683)  Letter to William Molyneux dated 24 April 1683.  Trinity College Dublin MS 888/2 F.16.


Anon (1860)  List of members corrected to October 31, 1857.  Proceedings of the Natural History Society of Dublin  (for the sessions 1856-1859) 2:66-68.


Anon (1860)  May 6, 1859.  Minutes of the meeting.  Proceedings of the Natural History Society of Dublin (for the sessions 1856-1859) 2:196.


Anon (1904)  Irish Field Club Union.  Roll of members who attended the Sligo Conference, 1904.  Irish Naturalist 13:i-iii (following page 224).


Anon (1910)  Obituary.  G.W. Chaster.  Irish Naturalist 19:137.


Anon (1918)  Obituary.  Arthur B.E. Hillas.  Irish Naturalist 27:162.


Anon (2001)  Crainn na Gaeilge.  Trees of the Irish Language.  Institute of Technology, Sligo.


Archer, W. (1871)  Annual General Meeting.  Secretaries Report.  Proceedings of the Natural History Society of Dublin (for the sessions 1865-1869) 5:1-2.


Beirne, B.P. (1944)  Biographical note on Percy Russ, entomologist.  Irish Naturalists' Journal 8:208-210.


B[eirne], B.P. (1949)  Obituary.  Thomas Greer, J.P.  1874-1949.  Irish Naturalists' Journal 9:327-328.


Carpenter, G.H. (1918)  William Francis de Vismes Kane.  Irish Naturalist 27:97-103.


C(hase), C.D. (1954)  Obituary.  William Ruttledge Megaw, 1885-1953.  Irish Naturalists' Journal 11:181-183 with one plate.


Costello, M. (1987)  Obituary.  Patrick A. Byrne - 1959-1987.  Irish Naturalists' Journal 22(8):325.


Cotton, D.C.F. (2015)  Robert Warren (1829-1915): Sligo Naturalist.  Sligo Field Club Journal 1:125-136.


Donlevy, A. (1742)  A Catechism of Christian Doctrine (An Teagasg Criosduidhe).  Jacques Guérin, Paris.


Greer, J. (1924)  The Windings of the Moy; with Skreen and Tireragh.  Alex Thom & Co.Ltd., Dublin.


Hackney, P. (1972)  Notes on the vascular plant herbarium of the Ulster Museum.  Irish Naturalists' Journal 17(7):230-233.


Henry, The Rev. William (1739)  Hints towards a Natural and Typographical History of the Counties Sligoe, Donegal, Fermanagh and Lough Erne.  Unpublished manuscript in the National Archives, Ireland.


Mackay, J.T. (1806)  A systematic catalogue of rare plants found in Ireland.  Transactions of the Dublin Society 5:121-184.


Mackay, J.T. (1825)  A catalogue of the plants found in Ireland, with descriptions of some of the rare sorts.  Graisbery, Dublin.


Mackay, J.T. (1836)  Flora Hibernica comprising the flowering plants ferns Characeae Musci Hepaticae Lichens and Algae of Ireland arranged according to the natural system with a synopsis of the genera according to the Linnaean system.  William Curry jun and Company, Dublin.


McTernan, J.C. (1977)  Here's to their Memory.  Mercier Press Publications, Cork.


Mitchell, M.E. (2000)  The Irish floras: a checklist of non-serial publications.  Glasra 4:47-57.


Moffat, C.B. (1916)  Robert Warren.  Irish Naturalist 25:33-44.


Moffat, C.B. (1916)  Obituary.  Robert Warren.  British Birds 9(11):295-297.


Moriarty, C. & D. Nash (1997)  Obituary.  Howard Joseph Hudson (1909-1996).  Irish Naturalists' Journal 25(11/12):393-395.


Ó Cléirigh, Brother Mícheál ; Cú Choigcríche Ó Cléirigh, Fearfeasa Ó Maol Chonaire and Peregrine Ó Duibhgeannain (1636)  Annals of the Four Masters. Unpublished manuscript.


O'Donovan, J. (ed.) (1854)  Annals of the Kingdom of Ireland by the Four Masters, from the earliest period to the year 1616.  Hodges and Smith, Dublin.


O’Riordan, C.E. (1983)  The Natural History Museum, Dublin.  The Stationery Offioce, Dublin.


Parnell, J. & D.A. Webb (1991)  The Flora Hibernica herbarium of J.T. Mackay.  Irish Naturalists' Journal 23(9):359-364.


Webb, D.A. (1986)  The hey-day of Irish Botany, 1866-1916.  The Scottish Naturalist 1986:123-134.

Robert WARREN J.P.

Born 22 March 1829 in Cork; died 26 November 1915 aged 86.

The eldest son of Robert Warren senior, he lived at Castle Warren and moved up to Sligo with his father in 1849? when he was c21.  Wrote over 100 notes and papers on birds of the Moy Estuary but also wrote about fish, mammals and weather.  Often used the address "Moyview, Ballina, Co. Mayo" but in fact was well within the Sligo boundary at the time.  Robert Warren was a noted naturalist of the period and donated specimens to the Natural History Museum in Dublin throughout the 1850's, 1860's and 1870's as is acknowledged in a history of the museum (O'Riordan 1983).  Was co-author of the "Birds of Ireland" with Ussher.  Obituary in Ballina Herald 1915-1916, No.63 (December 1915) & Moffat (1916a & b).  A detailed article with bibliography appears in Cotton (2015).